Cancer Survival Might Be Matter of Race
[09/24/2002; Reuters News Service]
MONDAY, Sept. 23 (HealthScoutNews) -- Racial and ethnic differences
play a part in cancer survival rates.
So says a study in today's issue of Archives of Internal Medicine.
National Cancer Institute researchers found that male and female
American Indians and Alaskan natives had the highest relative
risk of cancer death for all cancers combined -- 70 percent
higher for men and 80 percent higher for women. They also had
the highest risk of death for most of the four most common
cancers -- breast, colorectal, lung and prostate.
The exceptions to that trend were a 20 percent higher relative
risk of cancer death for black men with colorectal cancer and
a 60 percent higher relative risk for black women with breast
The researchers studied 917,021 men and 862,437 women diagnosed
with their first cancer between Jan. 1, 1975, and Dec. 31, 1997,
in nine geographic areas of the United States.
accounted for 84 percent of all the cancer patients, while 9
percent were black, 3 percent were Hispanic whites, and less
than 1 percent were Hawaiian natives, American Indians and Alaskan
Overall, relative risks for cancer death for all minority groups
except Asian Americans were significantly higher for each of
the four most common cancers and for all cancers combined. Asian
men and women had the lowest relative risk (between 7 percent
and 27 percent lower) for cancer death from the four common cancers.
Asian American women had the lowest relative risk for all cancers
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