Ovarian cancer detected non-invasively by contrast-enhanced power Doppler ultrasound.
D'Arcy TJ, Jayaram V, Lynch M, Soutter WP, Cosgrove DO, Harvey CJ, Patel N.
The Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Imperial College Faculty of Medicine, Hammersmith Hospital, London, UK.
Overall, about one-third of women operated upon because of suspected ovarian cancer turn out to have benign disease. This proportion will be even higher when the tumours are small. A more accurate method of determining which are malignant would reduce the number of unnecessary referrals to the cancer centre and increase the scope for conservative management.
This pilot study of ultrasound and intravenous microbubble contrast in 20 women with small ovarian tumours enabled the identification of all four malignant lesions with good inter-observer agreement.
These preliminary findings suggest that intravenous contrast improves the ultrasound identification of small ovarian malignancies and may provide an accurate way of selecting women who require to be referred urgently for surgery under the auspices of a gynaecological oncologist.
The remainder might be considered for laparoscopic surgery or even for observation in some cases.
BJOG. 2004 Jun;111(6):619-22.
PMID: 15198792 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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