Two innovations of the star-flap technique for nipple reconstruction
Y. Yamamoto, H. Furukawa, A. Oyama, K. Horiuchi, E. Funayama, A. Tsutsumida, T. Sugihara, K. Nohira
Two innovations of the star-flap technique for nipple reconstruction are described. A combination of the star-flap technique and a contralateral nipple graft is indicated in patients with a large nipple and small areola on the contralateral side. It provides sufficient volume for the new nipple and improves the shape of the donor nipple.
A combination of the star-flap technique and a banked costal-cartilage graft offers better nipple contour and projection than the conventional star-flap technique. Preparation of the cartilage graft is easy and does not result in additional scarring; the nipple projection can be expected to be maintained over a long period.
12/11/2001; British Journal of Plastic Surgery,p 723-726, Volume 54, Number 8, December 2001
Copyright 2001 The British Association of Plastic Surgeons
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