Nutrients & Food Groups/Risk of Ova Ca/SURVIVAL

Intake of Selected Nutrients and Food Groups and Risk of Ovarian Cancer

Susan E. McCann

Nutrition and Cancer, Vol. 39 No. 1, pg 19-28 Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Abstract: In a hospital-based case-control study, we examined dietary intakes of selected nutrients and food groups and ovarian cancer risk among 496 women with primary, histologically confirmed epithelial ovarian cancer and 1,425 women with nonneoplastic diagnoses, ages 20-87 years, admitted to Roswell Park Cancer Instiute between 1982 and 1998.

Data on diet and other relevant risk factors in the few years before admission were collected with a self-administered questionnaire. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated by unconditional logistic regression adjusting for age, education, region of residence, regularity of mensturation, family history of ovarian cancer, parity, age at menarche, oral contraceptive use, and energy intake.

Women in the highest vs. the lowest quartile of total energy had a weak increase in risk (OR=1.25, 95% CI =0.91-1.73).

Significantly reduced risks were associated with higher intakes of dietary fiber (OR=0.57, 95% CI =0.38-0.87), vitamin A (OR=0.66, 95% CI=0.45-0.98), carotenoid (OR=0.64, 95% CI=0.43-0.93), vitamin E (OR=0.66, 95% CI=0.38-0.88), beta-carotene (OR=0.68, 95% CI=0.46-0.98), and total fruit and vegetable intake (OR=0.62, 95% CI=0.42-0.92).

Our findings suggest that a diet high in plant foods may be important in reducing risk of ovarian cancer.


Case-Control: Carotenoid/Vit A & Ovarian Ca

Cancer Causes and Control, 1/02

Dietary Vit A, Carotenoids & Antioxidants Reduce Risk: Ova Ca
Dietary Antioxidants, Supplements & Risk of Epithelial Ova Ca

Nutrition and Cancer, 4/02

Case-Control Information
Results
Discussion
Retinoids (synthetic Vitamin A)

Intl J Cancer, 5/02

Ovarian Ca Cell Growth Suppression by All-trans Retinoic Acid
Fructooligarsaccharides/Isoflavone Conjugates:Bone Density

J Nutrition, 6/02

Risks of Ovarian Ca Related to Dietary Intake

J Nutr, 6/03

Dietary Folate Intake/Risk of Ova Ca
Fruit/Veg Consumption & Ova Ca Incidence
Ovarian Ca Risk Reduced with Vegetables/Vitamins
low-fat diet may decrease the risk of ovarian cancer
Citrus Flavinoids & Prev of Lifestyle-Related Bone/Lipids

J Nutr, 6/03

Green Tea ENHANCES SURVIVAL Epithelial Ova Ca

Intl J Cancer, 10/04

Tea Drinking Associated with Lower Ova Ca Risk
Resveratrol Inhibited Growth/Induced Death: Ova Ca Cells

Cancer Research, 1/04

Soybean Trypsin Inhibitor 4 Mets -Mice Ova Ca

Intl J Cancer, 10/04

Squalamine & Cisplatin: Therapeutic Agents  Ovarian Ca

Dept of Defense research findings

Ovarian Ca Risk From Milk Products Increases

Intl J Cancer, 8/05

Use of Antioxidants w/1st Line Chemo in Ovarian Ca (2 cases)

J Am Coll Nutr, 4/03

Flaxseeds Increase Ovarian Survival (hens)

Gynecologic Oncology, May 2010


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