Diallyl sulfide induces the expression of estrogen metabolizing genes in the presence and/or absence of diethylstilbestrol in the breast of female ACI rats
Mario Greena, , Oneil Newella, , Ayoola Aboyade-Colea, , Selina Darling-Reeda, and Ronald D. Thomas, a,
aCollege of Pharmacy, Florida A&M University, 302 West Pershing St, Tallahassee, FL 32307, United States
Diethylstilbestrol (DES) induces mammary tumors in female ACI rats and is associated with an increased risk of developing breast cancer in humans. Diallyl sulfide (DAS) has been shown to prevent cancer in animals.
Previously, we have shown that DAS inhibits the production of DES induced DNA adducts when given prior to DES. We hypothesize that DAS alters the expression of genes responsible for DES metabolism. To test this hypothesis, four groups of 10 female ACI rats were treated daily for four days as follows: (1) corn oil, (2) 50 mg/kg DES, (3) 50 mg/kg DAS, and (4) 50 mg/kg DAS + 50 mg/kg DES.
RNA was isolated from breast tissue and mRNA levels of CYP1A1, CYP1B1, glutathione-S-transferase (GST) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were analyzed by real-time PCR. DES, DAS, and DES/DAS treatments increased the expression of CYP1A1 by 2.1-, 4.7-, and 12.7-fold, respectively.
Similar results were seen for CYP1B1. DES decreased the expression of GST by 23%, whereas DAS and DAS/DES treatments increased the expression of GST by 12- and 16.7-fold, respectively. Similar results were seen with SOD. These results suggests that DAS may prevent the formation of DES induced DNA damage by altering the expression of DES metabolizing genes.
Volume 168, Issue 1 , 10 January 2007, Pages 7-12
Ann's NOTE: This substance is from garlic/garlic family
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