From Energy Times Magazine, May 2004
"The burden of cancer borne by African Americans far exceeds that of other racial groups, due to lifestyle, behavioral and socioeconomic influences, and inadequate access to medical care," notes Sandra Millon Underwood, PhD, the American Cancer Society Harley Davidson Oncology Nursing Professor at the University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee.
In a report in 'Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention" (3/03), Dr. Millon and others observe that African Americans and other U.S. minorities are at risk for cancer because of numerous factors, including their lifestyle habits. They are less likely to eat large amounts of fruits, vegetables and high-fiber whole grain foods. They eat more meat filled with saturated fat. They consumer more alcohol, they get less exercise and they are more likely to be obese and overweight.
The burden of cancer is not equally distributed within the U.S. population" says Frederick P. Li, MD of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston, "but differs by race, ethnicity and other demographic characteristics."
Consequently, African Americans are about 30% more likely to die of cancer than whites.
African American mrn bear the greatest risk of developing and dying of nine types of cancer, including lung cancer, and cancers of the colon, throat, stomach, pancreas and kidneys.
African American women are at most risk for cancers of the esophagus and larynx, multiple myeloma, oral cancer and pancreatic cancer.
This article appeared in a 'box' on page 27 of the May, 2004 edition of Energy Times Magazine.
Ann's NOTE: It is not only 'the burden of cancer' but the access to care, the type of care, etc. that impacts African Americans by virtue of their race, and in some cases socioeconomic levels. It has been well-documented that the level of available and accesible care may vary widely.
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